Hello friends, welcome to RK Web News. Today we are going to talk about the Japanese tea garden in San Francisco. About which you will be told everything, how is this place, the view here and what is worth seeing here? So let’s start.
The Japanese Tea Garden in San Francisco (a place name) is an exquisite place that is enjoyed by the locals as much as it is by travelers. Nestled inside the sheer splendor of Golden Gate Park, this is a retreat within a retreat, a getaway from the city where you can enjoy an hour or two in comfort. The Japanese tea garden is cheap, costing only a few dollars for admission and a few more for a pot of tea and some snacks. But the treasure of peace that can be found is immeasurable. You will see the local people here who make their living by setting up their small shops.
The Japanese tea plantation in San Francisco, California, is a popular feature of Golden Gate Park, a giant World’s Fair originally built as part of the California Midwinter International Exposition of 1894. Although many of its attractions are still a part of the garden, the history of the garden has undergone changes that have shaped it as it is today.
The oldest public Japanese garden in the United States, this complex of several walkways, ponds, and a teahouse features cut plants and trees in the Japanese style. The garden’s 3 acres feature sculptures and structures influenced by Buddhist and Shinto religious beliefs, as well as several elements of water and rocks to create a serene landscape designed for people with a learning disability.
History of the Japanese Tea Garden (San Francisco)
The Japanese tea garden began as a Japanese village and tea garden at the 1894 World’s Fair. It was built by Australian-born George Turner Marsh, who hired Japanese craft workers to build the site. After the fair ended, Marsh sold his concession to the City of San Francisco for $4,500.
Makoto Hagiwara, a Japanese immigrant, and the gardener were then hired to manage the garden. He oversaw the modification of the temporary Japanese Village Fair Exhibition to a permanent Japanese tea garden and was the official caretaker of the garden for most of the time between 1895 and 1925. They imported many plants, birds, and now from Japan. The famous koi fish, and more than tripled the size of the garden.
After the closure of San Francisco’s 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, the South Gate, Temple Gate, and Pagoda was gained from Japanese exhibits at that fair.
After Makoto Hagiwara died in 1925, his daughter, Takano Hagiwara, and their children became the owners and maintainers of the garden. With the start of World War II in America and rising anti-Japanese sentiment, Takano Hagiwara and his family were expelled from the family home and sent to an internment camp.
120,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans were sent to internment camps during the war. Despite John McLaren’s agreement with Hagiwara, his family’s displacement interrupted his stay in a promised century-long home and the family could not return or be reimbursed after the war ended. In the period of his absence, the garden was renamed “The Oriental Tea Garden”, and some structures expressing Japanese sentiment were demolished, including the Hagiwara house and the original Shinto Shrine. Japanese tea servers were replaced with Chinese women in their traditional dress.
The title Japanese Tea Garden was restored in 1952 after the war, and the Hagiwara family offered minimal help in beautifying the garden. What followed was a time of reconciliation. In 1949, a bronze Buddha was donated by the Gump family. Because the 1951 Japanese Peace Treaty was signed in San Francisco, on January 8, 1953, Japanese Consul General Yasasuke Katsuno presented a 9,000-pound piece lantern.
In the United States, the lantern was commissioned in small donations by children in Japan as a symbol of friendship towards future generations. Nagao Sakurai designed a “peace garden” and a karesansui or dry landscape garden. Karasansui is commonly known outside Japan as the Zen Garden, but this name was assigned to Japan by those foreigners.
In 1974, a plaque designed by artist Ruth Asawa was gifted to the garden in honor of Makoto Hagiwara and his family for their dedication to the beginning and expansion of the garden. The San Francisco Recreation and Parks Department, which has maintained the garden since 1942, renamed the garden boundary Hagiwara Tea Garden Drive in 1986 to further honor the original beneficiaries of the garden.
Important Features of The Japanese Tea Garden in San Francisco
The Tea House has been part of the Japanese Tea Garden since its construction at the Mid-Winter Fair in 1894, although it has been rebuilt several times. , it is said that there was thatch along with the Wishing Bridge. The teahouse, where for three generations the women of the Hagiwara family served tea and rice cakes in their gleeful, flowery kimonos.
Within Japanese culture, the connection between the stillness of nature and drinking tea comes from a sacred tradition, the Japanese tea ceremony. The origins of the tea ceremony date back to 1203 AD, with Buddhist priests of the Zen sect, who found the infusion [tea] useful in keeping one awake during midnight devotions. As it developed, the ceremony eventually earned the name Chanyu, which translates to hot water for tea.
Today, the heart of the tradition is the elegant creation and pouring of whipped green tea, also known as matcha. When the ceremony is performed well, an untold and perhaps inexplicable Zen quality lingers in the air. As tea ceremonies became more widespread, they eventually became associated with the presence of nature, especially with the presence of a garden. Over time, the tea house became an excellent viewing spot to contemplate the landscape in a traditional tea garden.
The University of San Francisco students enjoy tea and breakfast at the Tea House.
The Tea House is located at the water’s edge and is surrounded by views of various aspects of the garden. The Tea House currently offers six types of tea Jasmine, Sencha, Hōjicha, Genmaicha, Green, and the traditional tea, Matcha, used in ceremonies. It also offers a variety of snacks, some of which are savory, including edamame and tea sandwiches, and some of which are sweet, including kuzumochi and green tea cheesecakes.
Treasure Tower Pagoda
The pagoda is a five-layered Buddhist temple in the Japanese tea garden. It, along with the Temple Gate, was built at the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition as a temporary indoor display for the Japanese section inside the Palace of Food Products. After the PPIE, the pagoda and the temple gate were transferred to the Japanese tea garden.
A pagoda is a narrow building with a multi-tiered roof style that originates from Buddhism in India and East Asia. There are two types of pagodas: tombs for high-class Buddhist monks, and temples used for worship. The pagoda in this park is the latter. The pagoda in the garden was moved about sixty feet west of its original location, where the Shinto shrine originally stood. Local anti-Japanese sentiment led to the relocation of Japanese-Americans during World War II, the Shinto shrine was demolished and the Buddhist pagoda replaced the open one. This location of the pagoda is peculiar in a religious context, as it was within an area surrounded by ‘Mizuki, a traditional Shinto picket fence.
A taiko Bashi, or drum bridge, is a high arched pedestrian bridge found in Chinese and Japanese gardens. It is so named because when reflected on water, the perfect circle shape it creates resembles a drum.
Today a bronze plaque on the bridge recognizes Shinshichi Nakatani’s dedication and expertise for his unparalleled contribution to the city and the charm of the Japanese tea plantation. The Japanese design of the bridge, which was adapted from the Chinese, has 3 main functions to slow people down, to allow barges on the canal to pass smoothly under the bridge, and to reflect a full circle on the water resembling a drum. |
Karasansui – Arid Landscape Garden
This part of the garden was designed by Nagao Sakurai and dedicated on January 8, 1953. A waterfall and a body of water are represented by gravel covered in large stones and waves. The islands are shaped like tortoises, which are symbols of immortality and good luck. A karesansui, or dry landscape garden, is a style of Japanese garden where stones and gravel represent waterfalls, oceans, and mountains. Plants are sometimes, but not always, found in a Karasansui garden. Entire landscapes can be represented using a thoughtfully arranged stone.
The term Zen garden was coined by American author Lorraine Cook in her 1935 book One Hundred Kyoto Gardens. Although many of these gardens can be found in Zen Buddhist temples, karesansui are not specifically associated with Zen.
Hope you liked our article. If you liked the article, then tell by commenting, and do not forget to share the article with your friends.