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Heart diseases are the main cause of death not only in India but all over the world. The risk of heart-related diseases increases if a person has an inactive lifestyle. The risk of cardiovascular diseases also increases if he consumes unhealthy foods or has a family medical history of heart diseases. In addition, aging, smoking, obesity, stress, diabetes, and high blood pressure are other risk factors.
Heart disease is a cause for concern for a family, mainly because of long-term treatment and high medical expenses.
Caring for heart health should be the goal of every person, regardless of age or gender. However, given the busy lives we lead, we tend to do things that take a toll on our health. For example, skipping meals or giving up sleep to complete work.
Therefore, we should make a conscious effort to bring some healthy changes in our lifestyle, which we will discuss further but before that let us know some important things.
What are heart diseases?
Heart-related diseases are serious conditions that require timely and constant care. In India, the number of deaths due to heart diseases has seen an increase over the years. It is a shocking thing for the family.
Compared to the medical history of the U.S., a poor lifestyle is the main reason for this increase. Risk factors include sedentary lifestyle, obesity, stress, and unhealthy dietary habits.
The heart is an important organ in the human body that continuously pumps blood and supplies oxygen. Heart diseases arise when the normal functions of the heart are disturbed. The state of health here is mainly related to the blood vessels and the circulatory system. Sometimes, they are also associated with deformities and other heart-related health issues.
Types of Heart Diseases
There are several types of heart diseases, as discussed below:
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): This is a medical condition when the coronary arteries – which lead to the heart being responsible for supplying oxygenated blood – are damaged due to plaque deposits.
Arrhythmia: This is a condition in which there is an irregular heartbeat. For example, tachycardia is a condition in which the heart beats too rapidly.
Cardiomyopathy: A problem where the heart muscle becomes larger and thicker.
Atherosclerosis: This is a medical condition where the arteries become hardened.
Rheumatic Heart Disease: A condition where the heart and the valves are permanently damaged, which causes rheumatic fever.
Heart Infection: Heart infections are caused by bacteria or viruses.
Congenital Heart Defects: Such conditions are abnormalities related to the heart that are present from the birth of the patient. For example, a hole between two heart chambers.
Risk Factors for Heart Diseases
Some of the main reasons that cause heart diseases in a person are responsible for the following:
- Gender: Compare that to women, say experts men have a higher risk of heart diseases.
- Age: As a person gets older, the heart rate increases. Increased risk of diseases.
- Family Medical History: If in the family history, a member has heart disease, then it can affect another person in the family.
Diabetes and high blood pressure: If diabetes and high blood pressure like
diseases are not controlled and there
If left untreated, they can cause heart problems.
- Lifestyle: As stated earlier, smoking, lack of physical activity, obesity, high cholesterol levels by eating junk food, etc. increase the chances of heart diseases. We will discuss in more detail about lifestyle later.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
If a person shows any of the following symptoms, so it should not be ignored because this heart may be a sign of a heart attack or problem of:
- Pain in chest
- chest tightness
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, abdomen, legs, or arms
- Irregular heartbeat (slow or fast)
- Numbness in the legs or arms
- Dizziness or fainting
- Getting nausea
What lifestyle causes Heart Disease?
1. Maintain Blood Pressure Levels
High blood pressure is the biggest risk factor for heart diseases. Regular check-ups of blood pressure, timely medication, good sleep, and a low-sodium diet are some of the essential ways to keep blood pressure at a normal level and avoid cardiac complications. Stress is often responsible for raising blood pressure. To keep the heart healthy, it is important to control stress.
2. Eat a healthy diet
Foods high in saturated fat, sugar, and salt should not be consumed as they increase the risk of heart problems. Fatty foods increase cholesterol and triglyceride levels by clogging the arteries (blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart to other body cells). This condition is called coronary artery disease. Eat healthy snacks and fresh whole grains instead of junk food. Eating nutritious foods containing vegetables and fruits. Do it.
3. Exercises for the Heart
Exercise is necessary to strengthen the heart muscle. Lack of physical activity can put you at a higher risk of heart disease. Exercise is especially necessary for those who have a heart. There is a family history of diseases. Choose an exercise plan based on your age. Yoga and regular walking are recommended for senior citizens and young people. There are more options like aerobics, weight training, cycling, swimming, etc.
4. Control Diabetes
If you are diabetic, you should be careful cardiovascular complications should arise in diabetic patients. Because high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels and nerves leading to the heart. With proper medication, timely screening, and a healthy diet, one can ward off the side effects of diabetes and prevent the onset of heart disease.
5. Do not smoke and do not drink alcohol
Habits like excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking are known to increase blood pressure, which damages the heart. In addition, excessive alcohol consumption can lead to weight gain. Hence, a person with such risk factors should avoid it.
6. Maintain Body Weight
Obesity is one of the major risk factors for heart diseases. Other factors, such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar, are also associated with high levels in the body. To maintain body weight, a nutrient-rich and fiber-rich diet should increase physical activity and reduce alcohol consumption.
7. Choose a Health Insurance Plan
Health insurance plans are important as they help in reducing the financial burden by covering medical expenses. There are specific plans that deal with conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. Designed for the treatment of diseases. By taking advantage of such schemes, you will get quality and timely results. Heart attack treatment will help in getting treatment, and thus it will reduce the risk of heart diseases.
Heart Disease Treatment
How is heart disease treated?
The treatment of heart disease depends on its condition. For example, if you have a heart infection, you will probably be given antibiotics. In general, the following treatments are done for heart disease
Lifestyle Changes: As we told you above that by changing the things in your lifestyle, you can get rid of these diseases. In addition, lifestyle changes you should make include eating a low-fat diet, eating a low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption.
Medications: If lifestyle changes are not enough, your doctor may prescribe medications to control heart disease. The type of medicine will depend on the type of heart disease.
Medical procedures or surgeries: If medications aren’t enough, your doctor may recommend specific procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the damage to your heart.
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